Indonesia About Year 100
"Dvipantara" or "Jawa Dwipa" kingdom is reported by Indian scholars to be in Java and Sumatra. Prince Aji Saka introduces writing system to Java based on scripts of southern India. Hindu kings rule the area around Kutai on Kalimantan. "Langasuka" kingdom founded around Kedah in Malaya.
Indonesia About Year 130
Salaka or Salanka kingdom, Salakanegara, is founded in West Java.
Indonesia About Year 400
Taruma kingdom or Tarumanegara flourishes in West Java.
The Naskah Wangsakerta, a document written in Cirebon many years later, mentions the first king of Tarumanegara as taking power in the year 358, and lists a line of kings through 669.
Indonesia About Year 425
Buddhism reaches Sumatra.
Indonesia About Year 500
Indonesia About Year 600
Chinese records from around this time mention kingdoms at Jambi and Palembang on Sumatra, and three kingdoms on Java, a western kingdom related to the Taruma of inscriptions, a central kingdom called "Kalinga", and an eastern kingdom with a capital perhaps near Surabaya or Malang.
Indonesia About Year 670
Chinese traveller I Ching visits Palembang, capital of Srivijaya.
Hindu temples built in the high Dieng plateau of central Java.
About this time, the first Sunda kingdom rises after the end of the Tarumanegara kingdom.Indonesia About Year 686
Srivijaya takes the Melayu kingdom at Jambi, and sends an expedition against the kingdoms in Java.
Stone tablets dated 683 and 686 from southern Sumatra and Bangka describe the military campaigns of Srivijaya against Melayu and Java. They are the oldest known writings in any Malayo-Polynesian language.
Indonesia About Year 700
By now, Srivijaya had also conquered Kedah, on the Malay peninsula.
Indonesia About Year 732
Sanjaya founds the Sanjaya line of princes in central Java.
Indonesia About Year 770
Sailendra King Vishnu (or Dharmatunga) begins building Borobudur.
Beginning of building activity on the plain of Prambanan.
Indonesia About Year 782
Indonesia About Year 790
Sailendra kingdom attacks and defeats Chenla (today Cambodia); rules over Chenla for about 12 years.
The Sailendra kings remembered that their ancestors came from what is now Thailand or Cambodia.
Indonesia About Year 812
Sailendra king Indra is succeeded by Samaratunga.
Indonesia About Year 825
Borobudur is a huge Buddhist monument covering a volcanic hill a few miles between present-day Magelang and Yogyakarta. It is in levels representing the stages to enlightenment. The large central stupa is empty. The many beautiful relief sculptures may have been used to educate young monks.
Indonesia About Year 835
By this time, Buddhist culture had spread as far east as Lombok.
Indonesia About Year 838
Patapan is succeeded by his son Pikatan (or Jatiningrat).
Indonesia About Year 846
Tidore is visited by a representative of the Caliph al-Mutawakkil from Baghdad.
Indonesia About Year 850
Pikatan defeats forces of Balaputra, then resigns the throne to become an ascetic. He is succeeded by Kayuwani.
Balaputra, claimant to the Sailendra throne, escapes to Sumatra and takes power in Srivijaya.
King Warmadewa rules on Bali.
From about this time we have a version of the Ramayana epic in the Old Javanese language. The work is sophisticated, and there were probably many earlier such works in Old Javanese that have not survived.
Indonesia About Year 898
Sanjaya King Balitung takes power in central Java.
Stone tablets of King Balitung are the first mention of "Mataram" in central Java.
Indonesia About Year 910
Sanjaya King Daksa succeeds Balitung in Mataram. He begins building the major Hindu temples at Prambanan.
Indonesia About Year 919
Sanjaya King Tulodong succeeds Daksa; reigns until 921.
Indonesia About Year 924
Sanjaya King Wawa takes throne of Mataram, rules until 928.
Indonesia About Year 929
Sanjaya King Mpu Sindok takes power. He moves the court from Mataram to East Java (near Jombang).
A major eruption of Mount Merapi in 928 or 929 may have been the reason that the king of Mataram and many of his subjects moved east.
Indonesia About Year 947
Sri Isana Tunggawijaya, daughter of Mpu Sindok, succeeds Mpu Sindok as ruler in East Java.
Indonesia About Year 975
King Udayana of Bali, father of Airlangga, is born.
Indonesia About Year 985
Dharmavamsa becomes king of Mataram. He conquers Bali and founds a settlement in western Kalimantan.
Dharmavamsa is also remembered for ordering the translation of the Mahabharata into Javanese.
Indonesia About Year 990
Dharmavamsa and Mataram send an army overseas to attack Srivijaya and take Palembang, but fail.
Indonesia About Year 992
King Chulamanivarmadeva of Srivijaya sends an ambassador to China to ask for protection against the forces of Dharmavamsa from Java.
By : gimonca